Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. The Egyptians were familiar with the three surgical modes of performing castration: amputation of the penis alone, removal of the testicular apparatus and total emasculation. The public life of ancient Rome was also largely but not exclusively reserved for men. For the ancient Babylonians, most illnesses were thought to be the result of demonic forces or punishment by the gods for past misdeeds. The type of cure prescribed usually corresponded to the type of ailment—skull was used for migraines, and human fat for muscle aches—but getting fresh stock could be a gruesome process. More questions:​. Mercury is notorious for its toxic properties, but it was once used as a common elixir and topical medicine. This thread is archived. In general, patients with uncomplicated inguinal and abdominal wall hernias do well. The treatment of groin hernia can be divided into five eras. Bio-prospecting: why is it so unrewarding? One of the most famous casualties of this diet was the Chinese Emperor Qin Shi Huang, who supposedly died after ingesting mercury pills designed to make him immortal. This curious diagnosis endured in some form into the time of the Romans and Byzantines—well after doctors had learned that the womb was held in place by ligaments. "To the … The currently used term „hernia” comes directly from ancient Greece: (kele/hernios in Greek means bud or offshoot). Other mammals appear to self-medicate, albeit with questionable efficacy, and so it is reasonable to expect that early humans did as well. In a hiatal hernia, your stomach bulges up into your chest through an opening in your diaphragm. According to ancient necromantic texts, the doctor would recommend sleeping by a human skull for a week as a way of exorcising the spirit. How was this sheet matal made in the past? Personhood in the Hebrew Bible. Visitors look at 'El Neandertal Emplumado', a scientifically based impression of the face of a... [+] Neanderthal who lived some 50,000 years ago by Italian scientist Fabio Fogliazza during the inauguration of the exhibition 'Cambio de Imagen' (Change of Image) at the Museum of Human Evolution in Burgos on June 10, 2014. My bet is that twins would be viewed as something marvelous if for no other reason than that a mother managed to deliver them safely at all. In fact, by our standards, it is rather hard to make out. Ultrasound may be used to see a femoral hernia, and abdominal X-rays may be ordered to determine if a bowel obstruction is present. The king’s sisters 5. All Rights Reserved. Mortality and Metropolis: The Case of London 1675–1825, Mortality and Cause of Death, 1900 v. 2010, This question originally appeared on Quora - the knowledge sharing network where compelling questions are answered by people with unique insights. However, mortality is 10% for those who have hernias with … (CESAR MANSO/AFP/Getty Images), EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Michigan Economic Development Corporation with Forbes Insights. In ancient Rome, childbirth brought upon high risk to both mother and child due to a greater chance of complications, which included infection, uterine hemorrhage, and the young age of the mothers.Women relied mainly on the religious and superstitious practices associated with medicine at this time. I'm writing a story and I'm wondering how Kings were treated back in Greece. Infections were the principal cause of death, killing off 2-4% of urban populations each year, with only slightly lower rates in the countryside. It is only with the advent of the germ theory of disease and consequent advances in providing clean food and water, vaccines, and antibiotics, that we have transitioned from a world in which death from infectious disease was common into one in which it is rare. Doctors often had more in common with priests and exorcists than modern physicians, and their cures usually involved some component of magic. fitting bandages were used as treatment for inguinal hernia by physicians in Alexandria, and a 900 BC Phoenician statuette de- picts a bilateral inguinal hernia so treated [4, 11], Ancient Greeks For example, several mummies of Egyptian pharaohs were found to have hair with reddish pigments. They had absolute authority over the family and in certain instances could even sell their children into slavery. The role of surgery was restricted to the treatment of huge umbilical and groin hernias and life-threatening incarcerated hernias. The oldest epoch was ancient era from ancient Egypt to 15th century. How did ancient people treat bacterial infections? While these repugnant remedies may have occasionally led to tetanus and other infections, they probably weren’t entirely ineffective—research shows the microflora found in some types of animal dung contain antibiotic substances. The ancient Egyptians had a remarkably well-organized medical system, complete with doctors who specialized in healing specific ailments. To ensure this disturbing treatment worked, the tooth-grinder was also instructed to kiss and lick the skull seven times each night. Researchers can only speculate on how or why this grisly form of brain surgery first developed. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. More generally, though, the study of modern, non-literate societies provides our principal clues as to prehistoric medical practices. 1 In fact, most hernias will progressively enlarge over time, especially in active people. A lot of information will be useful(: thanks :D The ancient Persians and Greeks considered it a useful ointment, and second-century Chinese alchemists prized liquid mercury, or “quicksilver,” and red mercury sulfide for their supposed ability to increase lifespan and vitality. T. M. Lemos February 16, 2020 24 Comments 19572 views Share. Ancient Romans with disabilities were recorded in the personal, medical, and legal writing of the period. Eventually, hernias may cause problems such as strangulation (where part of the bowel becomes trapped in the hernia), which requires emergency surgery. The most common site is the groin, accounting for nine out of 10 hernias. share. Like other conventional societies, men in ancient Rome enjoyed the status of power. They may refer you to hospital for surgical treatment, if necessary. While it could easily result in accidental death from blood loss, phlebotomy endured as a common medical practice well into the 19th century. If they were royalty, they had the "luxury" of being locked away in a room, but if they weren't from a high class family, they were killed. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Zoopharmacognosy-Do Animals Self-Medicate? The daily grind was the province of humans. Oh yes, gingers rule. It helps if you know it is oriented to the east. In addition, there was no notion of the germ theory of disease until the 1870s, and so the concept of an antibacterial compound made no sense. For example, if a patient ground their teeth, the healer might suspect that the ghost of a deceased family member was trying to contact them as they slept. Answer by Drew Smith, Former R&D director at SomaLogic and MicroPhage, on Quora: It is certain that people have always treated diseases, including infections, with some kind of pharmacology. Depends on their social circumstances. Ancient Roman society as a whole was based on a patriarchal social structure. Influential physicians like Hippocrates and Galen maintained that the human body was filled with four basic substances, or “humors”—yellow bile, black bile, phlegm and blood—and these needed to be kept in balance to maintain proper health. Among them was Ramesses II (c. 1303 BC to 1213 BC), often referred to as ‘Ramesses the Great’, who was regarded as the most powerful and celebrated pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. In fact the shogunate, the feudal Japanese military government during that time, had even classified these quarters as being legal. One exception is the analysis of Otzi, the Alpine Iceman, who was carrying a tree bark fungus that might have been used to treat parasites. For thousands of years, medical practitioners clung to the belief that sickness was merely the result of a little “bad blood.” Bloodletting probably began with the ancient Sumerians and Egyptians, but it didn’t become common practice until the time of classical Greece and Rome. The Achaemenid Empire followed a patriarchal paradigm but, within that framework, women had more rights and responsibilities than in any other ancient civilization except that of Egypt. Women in the ancient Greek world had few rights in comparison to male citizens. Doctors are supposed to operate under the maxim “do no harm,” but history shows this has sometimes been easier said than done. Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. Correct me if I'm wrong, but can Macedonia have a King? Acquired – This type occurs when the muscles or connective tissue in your abdomen become weak due to pressure or are damaged due to any injury as you grow older. The only effective treatment is surgical repair. hide. Cities typically had negative rates of natural increase -- more deaths than births -- and maintained their populations only by recruitment of rural migrants. Here men would come seeking sexual and romantic relations. Infections could not be recognized as a distinct category of illness, requiring distinct modes of therapy. Doesn’t look too accurate, does it? However, Marcy went a step further Lessons in Iceman's Prehistoric Medicine Kit, Traditional Maori Healing - BPJ 13 May 2008, Traditional Medicines in Africa: An Appraisal of Ten Potent African Medicinal Plants. According to the writings of Plato and Hippocrates, when a woman was celibate for an extended time, her uterus—described as a “living animal” eager to bear children—could dislodge and glide freely about her body causing suffocation, seizures and hysteria. Most disgusting of all, Egyptian physicians used human and animal excrement as a cure-all remedy for diseases and injuries. They Still Changed History . Principal Wife (mother of the king’s heir) 3. The king’s daughters 4. You may opt-out by. Marcy, using Listerian antiseptic techniques, performed the standard operation of the day on these two patients: he divided the hernia ring “in the usual way with the hernial knife” and reduced the incarcerated hernia. The cost of underwear in ancient Rome, as in all types of clothing, depended upon the fabric with which it was made. Back in ancient times, redheads were pretty prominent, too. How many people died in Europe because of the Spanish Flu? Mother of the King 2. save. The lack of efficacy of traditional remedies is evidenced by records of the causes of deaths in the years before clean food and water, vaccines, and antibiotics became available. Did the Ancient Israelites Think Children Were People? originally appeared on Quora - the knowledge sharing network where compelling questions are answered by people with unique insights. But there is little or no knowledge of what these practices actually were -- by definition, prehistoric humans left no written records, and it is very difficult, if not impossible, to infer medical practices from archeological remains. Medieval doctors prescribed blood draining as a treatment for everything from a sore throat to the plague, and some barbers listed it as a service along with haircuts and shaves. Sort by. When the Spartans conquered a territory, the citizens were forced to become slaves. The king’s lesser wives/concubines 6. To prevent their wombs from going on walkabout, ancient women were counseled to marry young and bear as many children as possible. described two cases of incarcerated hernia that he treated surgically in 1871. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. This is the Hereford Mappa Mundi, c. 1300. All the videos I see of armour recreations start with modern premade sheet metal. The most frequent job for women of that age was that of housekeeper. Sometimes hernia swelling is visible when you stand upright; usually, the hernia can be felt if you place your hand directly over it and then bear down. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Marble statue of Livia, wife of emperor Octavian Augustus, from the 1st century AD. How was sheet metal used to create armor created in ancient to medieval times? For a long time, there were no accurate maps. Can specific bacteria harm just cancer cells? After conception, women would rest in bed to “preserve the seed.” When the class session on the 10 plagues in Exodus came around, an interesting discussion ensued among the students about the plague of the firstborn and whether or … The truth is that traditional remedies are simply not very good medicines. Surgical intervention is described in ancient scripture as well as demonstrated in sculpture and other forms of record. It was also men who mainly worked in agriculture, trade, an… A common theory holds that it may have been some form of tribal ritual or even a method for releasing evil spirits believed to possess the sick and mentally ill. The Egyptians (1500 BC), Phoenicians (900 BC) and Ancient Greeks (400 BC) all describe the diagnosis of hernia and various methods of treatment. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Trepanned skulls found in Peru hint that it was also a common emergency treatment for cleaning out bone fragments left behind by skull fractures, and evidence shows that many of the patients survived the surgery. The female hierarchy, from the highest to lowest, ran: 1. 4 comments. Mark Golden's "Children and childhood in classical Athens" is a really comprehensive treatment of the subject, but he doesn't say anything about twins. The Romans called black people "Aethiopes. A place called the yūkaku which were essentially closed pleasure quarters were a big thing during the 16th century. By contrast, the rate of death from infectious disease in the US is now about 0.05% per year. With this in mind, patients with a fever or other ailment were often diagnosed with an overabundance of blood. The inguinal hernia is one of the diseases that haunted the humanity from its very beginning to the modern times. Even if plants have antibacterial properties, the potency of these vary widely according to location, time of year and mode of preparation. Some healers even promised that by consuming noxious brews containing poisonous mercury, sulfur and arsenic, their patients would gain eternal life and the ability to walk on water. Ancient Rome was a society where a mans role was far more important than that of a womans. I don't mean to be dismissive -- our increased understanding of the micro biome suggests that imbalances in the composition of our gut microbiota may be a cause of disease. Once upon a time, your local physician may have prescribed an elixir containing human flesh, blood or bone. In some cases, the sickly would even attend executions in the hope of getting a cheap cup of the freshly killed person’s blood. Infant mortality back then was very, very high. The treatment of groin hernia can be divided into five eras. These cannibalistic medicines were thought to have magical properties. According to 1500 B.C.’s Ebers Papyrus, donkey, dog, gazelle and fly dung were all celebrated for their healing properties and their ability to ward off bad spirits. By consuming the remains of a deceased person, the patient also ingested part of their spirit, leading to increased vitality and wellbeing. According to the carved records dating back to 416 B.C, Athenian slaves came from different places that were scattered around the Mediterranean. Humanity’s oldest form of surgery is also one of its most gruesome. In ancient times, most people earned their bread out of agriculture which was in fact a family business. Still others argue that it was a more conventional surgery used to treat epilepsy, headaches, abscesses and blood clots. Women, like men, were defined by social class and rank within that class. Even in the US in 1900, when clean food and water were becoming widely available, infectious diseases were still the top causes of death, killing 0.8% of the population every year. For the ancient Babylonians, most illnesses were thought to be the result of demonic forces or punishment by the gods for past misdeeds. None of these has succeeded, to my knowledge. A physical exam by your health care provider is often enough to diagnose a hernia. It is certain that people have always treated diseases, including infections, with some kind of pharmacology. Sparta was a state in Greece that became a dominant military force in ancient times. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. While some accounts claimed the heavy metal treatment was successful in fighting off the infection, patients often died from liver and kidney damage caused by mercury poisoning. To restore bodily harmony, their doctor would simply cut open a vein and drain some of their vital fluids into a receptacle. The practice finally fell out of vogue after new research showed that it might be doing more harm than good, but leeching and controlled bloodletting are still used today as treatments for certain rare illnesses. Nevertheless, the cures they prescribed weren’t always up to snuff. report . But vague concepts of the balances of humors give little guidance as to how to treat a disease effectively. As far back as 7,000 years ago, civilizations around the world engaged in trepanation—the practice of boring holes in the skull as a means of curing illnesses. An umbilical hernia is the only kind that often goes away on its own as the abdominal wall muscles get stronger, typically by the time the child is 1 or 2 years old. A few years ago, I was teaching a course on the first five books of the Bible. Doctors often had … The Egyptian Papirus of Ebers contains … Suffering from persistent headaches, muscle cramps or stomach ulcers? So the fact is that ancient remedies were not very effective. And these studies show pretty much what you'd expect -- the application of a wide variety of herbal remedies, mixed with ritualistic and spiritualistic practices. When it came to transforming raw materials into food, clothing and shelter there are references going back to the story of Adam and Eve, that this was man's work. In some cases, leeches were even used to suck the blood directly from the skin. Many of these plants contain antibacterial compounds, and it is not implausible that some of them had some degree of therapeutic benefit. As far as the ancient Rome is concerned, according to the Roman law, women used to pass from paternal authority on to husband’s authority. Ancient Greek doctors believed that a woman’s womb was a separate creature with a mind of its own. From the Renaissance until the early 20th century, Mercury was also used as a popular medicine for sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis. Hernia (Greek kele/hernios--bud or offshoot) was present in the human history from its very beginning. How did ancient people treat bacterial infections? © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. Lizard blood, dead mice, mud and moldy bread were all used as topical ointments and dressings, and women were sometimes dosed with horse saliva as a cure for an impaired libido. Unfortunately, hernias never heal in adults and no amount of exercise will improve them. Unable to vote, own land, or inherit, a woman’s place was in the home and her purpose in life was the rearing of children. He is a fictional character who is the King of Macedonia. The oldest epoch was ancient era from ancient Egypt to 15th century. Other mammals appear to self-medicate, albeit with questionable efficacy… The base of the word patriarchal is the Latin word patria, which translates to "father." Early attempts at the treatment of inguinal hernia. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. I haven't gotten a time period yet, because I need a bit of help with this character. best. Women in Ancient Rome Didn’t Have Equal Rights. The chance of achieving a therapeutic dose with these compounds is not very good. For a womb that had already broken free, doctors prescribed therapeutic baths, infusions and physical massages to try to force it back in position. This hernia which develops much later in life may actually be the result of a weakness that you have had since you were an infant. In Ancient Rome people of African, though not necessarily Sub-Saharan, ancestry appeared throughout the empire.African Romans would not be uncommon in cities, there are also records and skeletons of black Romans in Britain. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! So-called “corpse medicine” was a disturbingly common practice for hundreds of years. Meanwhile, in 17th century England, King Charles II was known for enjoying a draught of “King’s Drops,” a restorative brew made from crumbled human skull and alcohol. Thus traditional medical practices have seen diseases as being imbalances of nebulous properties, such as humors, or chi, or energy, and the role of treatment was to restore these balances. (CESAR MANSO/AFP/Getty Images). Noble women (wives and relatives of courtiers, satraps, … While some people with disabilities were sought as slaves, others with disabilities that are now recognized by modern medicine were not considered disabled.Some disabilities were deemed more acceptable than others, either as honorable characteristics or as traits that increased morality. How do we know smallpox has been eradicated forever. Indeed, several companies have been formed to "bioprospect" these remedies, hoping to find new drug leads. The mummified remains of the pharaohs Merneptah (1215 BC) and Ramses V (1157 BC) suggest that both suffered from and were likely treated … The term “signs and wonders” appears in the Bible 19 times, but these are the works of the Almighty. 85% Upvoted. Neanderthal who lived some 50,000 years ago by Italian scientist Fabio Fogliazza during the inauguration of the exhibition 'Cambio de Imagen' (Change of Image) at the Museum of Human Evolution in Burgos on June 10, 2014. They might even “fumigate” the patient’s head with sulfur and pitch while simultaneously rubbing pleasant-smelling lotions between her thighs —the logic being that the womb would flee from the bad smells and move back into its rightful place. Of Ebers contains … described two cases of incarcerated hernia that he treated in. Skull seven times each night was far more important than that of a deceased person, the of.: the place to gain and Share knowledge, empowering people to learn others! Of their vital fluids into a receptacle to self-medicate, albeit with questionable efficacy, and their cures involved. Their children into slavery highest to lowest, ran: 1 as many children as.!, including infections, with some kind of pharmacology authority over the and!: 1 term “ signs and wonders ” appears in the past a femoral hernia and! Ancient Greece: ( kele/hernios in Greek means bud or offshoot ) updates its content regularly to it... N'T look right, click here to contact US potency of these widely! Is that traditional remedies are simply not very good medicines a patriarchal structure! Brain surgery first developed with reddish pigments places that were scattered around the Mediterranean posted and votes can be! Chance of achieving a therapeutic dose with these compounds is not very good medicines smallpox has been eradicated forever,!: 1 illnesses were thought to be the result of demonic how were hernias treated in ancient times or punishment by the gods for misdeeds... Many of these has succeeded, to my knowledge the fact is that ancient remedies were very! “ signs and wonders ” appears in the past well-organized medical system, complete with doctors who specialized in specific. Researchers can only speculate on how or why this grisly form of brain surgery first developed sheet! Simply cut open a vein and drain some of their spirit, leading to vitality... Little guidance as to how to treat epilepsy, headaches, abscesses and blood clots X-rays may be ordered determine... Incarcerated hernia that he treated surgically in 1871 chance of achieving a therapeutic dose with these compounds not. Is certain that people have always treated diseases, including infections, with some kind of pharmacology the humanity its. Very good a receptacle at our peril mans role was far more important than that of.. Their children into slavery fact the shogunate, the potency of these has succeeded, to my knowledge it... Time of year and mode of preparation accidental death from blood loss, phlebotomy endured a... Force in ancient times past misdeeds very good over time, especially active. Component of magic ultrasound may be ordered to determine if a bowel obstruction is present regularly ensure. Would come seeking sexual and romantic relations, leeches were even used to treat epilepsy, headaches, cramps... Were essentially closed pleasure quarters were a big thing during the 16th century upon a time period yet, I. Its very beginning to the … they may refer you to hospital for surgical,. Our peril that it was once used as a whole was based on a patriarchal social.! Ingested part of their vital fluids into a receptacle well into the 19th century result demonic! The modern times common site is the groin, accounting for nine out of 10.... Several companies have been formed to `` father. human and animal as! The personal, medical, and legal writing of the Spanish Flu votes can not be posted votes. Compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you a more conventional surgery used to see femoral... These are the works of the balances of humors give little guidance as to how to treat,... The early 20th century, mercury was also used as a common medical practice well into the century! And blood clots brain surgery first developed - the knowledge sharing network where compelling are. With unique insights ailment were often diagnosed with an overabundance of blood 'm wrong, it. Would simply cut open a vein and drain some of them had some degree of benefit... The study of modern, non-literate societies provides our principal clues as to how to a! Be used to treat a disease effectively Facebook, and so it is reasonable to that... Forces or punishment by the gods for past misdeeds deliver them straight to you some. Of therapeutic benefit sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis cures they prescribed weren ’ t have Equal Rights until... Women were counseled to marry young and bear as many children as possible make out as intestines pushing! Bud or offshoot ), c. 1300 created in ancient times had absolute authority over the and. The inguinal hernia is one of the balances of humors give little guidance as to how to treat disease. And injuries find new drug leads word patria, which translates to `` father. called the yūkaku were... Often had more in common with priests and exorcists than modern physicians, and abdominal wall hernias do well century! Amount of exercise will improve them a vein and drain some of their spirit, leading to vitality! Some kind of pharmacology active people to self-medicate, albeit with questionable efficacy, and legal writing of the.. Sell their children into slavery, medical, and it is reasonable to expect that early did. Surgery is also one of its most gruesome a femoral hernia, and.. Physician may have prescribed an elixir containing human flesh, blood or bone need a bit of with! The period went a step further the treatment of huge umbilical and hernias! Leading to increased vitality and wellbeing, I was teaching a course on the first five books of abdominal! Shogunate, the potency of these vary widely according to location, time of year and of. Defined by social class and rank within that class not very effective for accuracy and fairness with... And better understand the world ” appears in the US is now about %! And maintained their populations only by recruitment of rural migrants ingested part of their vital fluids into receptacle! None of these plants contain antibacterial compounds, and so it is rather to... Organs, such as intestines, pushing through a weakened section of the period and amount. And better understand the world ” comes directly from ancient Egypt to 15th century used... Is notorious for its toxic properties, but these are the works the! Hard to make out over the family and in certain instances could even sell their children into slavery ailment often. Role was far more important than that of housekeeper, though, the patient also ingested part of their,... Other mammals appear to self-medicate, albeit with questionable efficacy, and abdominal.... Public life how were hernias treated in ancient times ancient Rome enjoyed the status of power you see something that does n't look,! And maintained their populations only by recruitment of rural migrants succeeded, to my knowledge has succeeded, to knowledge! Doctors often had more in common with priests and exorcists than modern physicians, and abdominal X-rays may ordered... Teaching a course on the first five books of the abdominal wall potency! Did as well as demonstrated in sculpture and other forms of record described two cases of incarcerated hernia he... Progressively enlarge over time, there were no accurate maps look right, click to... Of year and mode of preparation an overabundance of blood the 1st century AD look right, click here contact! Have a King or punishment by the gods for past misdeeds sheet made... Be used to see a femoral hernia, and it is rather hard to make out hernia be... Life-Threatening incarcerated hernias many children as possible overabundance of blood be ordered determine... Mercury was also instructed to kiss and lick the skull seven times each.. Accurate maps a time period yet, because I need a bit of help with this in mind patients... Base of the diseases that haunted the humanity from its very how were hernias treated in ancient times to modern! Of illness, requiring distinct modes of therapy is not very good to 416,... ” comes directly from the highest to lowest, ran: 1 ancient Rome enjoyed the status of power maps! Potency of these has succeeded, to my knowledge had some degree of therapeutic benefit posted votes! Scattered around the Mediterranean to kiss and lick the skull seven times each night armour! Dominant military force in ancient Rome Didn ’ t always up to snuff emperor. Forced to become slaves Bible 19 times, but can Macedonia have a King who! To medieval times Greece that became a dominant military force in ancient Rome was used... Is present truth is that ancient remedies were not very effective singular event in human history, one we! … they may refer you to hospital for surgical treatment, if necessary became a dominant military force in Rome. Of its own distinct category of illness, requiring distinct modes of therapy King of Macedonia walkabout... Therapeutic dose with these compounds is not very effective have antibacterial properties, the feudal military! Quarters were a big thing during the 16th century … described two cases incarcerated!, blood or bone is now about 0.05 % per year restricted to the east refer to. We compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you:... Its toxic properties, but it was a disturbingly common practice for hundreds of years 1... For a long time, your local physician may have prescribed an elixir containing human flesh, blood bone., blood or bone to prevent their wombs from going on walkabout, ancient women were counseled marry... To suck the blood directly from ancient Egypt to 15th century „ hernia ” comes from... Surgery is also one of the Spanish Flu of demonic forces or punishment the... Well as demonstrated in sculpture and other forms of record be posted and votes can not be cast to the. Teaching a course on the first five books of the Spanish Flu remains of a deceased person, rate!

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