The Family Dictionary of Education Terms is a tool developed to help families understand school-related terminology so that they can better communicate with school officials and advocate for their children’s education. The standards are established in the Constitution of Virginia, defined in the Code of Virginia and prescribed by the state Board of Education, subject to revision only by the General Assembly. More about Complaints. Back to top. More about English as a Second Language (ESL). Glossary of Education Terms This page explains the terms and acronyms used in California’s education system. A program of instruction and services for non-English-speaking students or English learners to help them learn and succeed in school . General education – K-12 instruction that meets the commonwealth’s Standards of Learning and prepares children for elementary, secondary and postsecondary success. Proficient  – Evidence that the student demonstrated the skills and knowledge defined in the Standards of Learning as appropriate for the grade level or course. More about ESSA Supplement No:6. Back to top. Class period – A segment of time in the school day that is approximately one-sixth of the instructional day. Verified unit of credit  – Earned credit based on a standard unit of credit, plus a passing score on the corresponding end-of-course Standards of Learning test or substitute test approved by the Board of Education. More about the Standards of Accreditation, Standards of Learning (SOL)  – The minimum grade-level and subject-matter educational objectives, described as the knowledge and skills "necessary for success in school and for preparation for life,” that students are expected to meet in Virginia public schools and specified by the Standards of Quality. Full-time online program – Learn more. Homebound instruction – Instruction provided to students who are confined at home or in a health-care facility for periods that would prevent normal school attendance based upon certification of need by a licensed physician or licensed clinical psychologist and as determined by the student’s individualized education program team. A cohort “on-time” graduation rate is the percentage of students in a cohort who earn a diploma within four years of entering the ninth grade. Licensed physician – An individual licensed by the Virginia Board of Medicine to practice medicine who can certify medical conditions for requesting homebound services. The act of complying with state and local requirements for registration or admission of a child for attendance in a school within a local school division; also refers to registration for courses within the student’s home school or within related schools or programs. TCP Monograph No. Reconstitution  – A Back to top. SOL curriculum framework  – The Glossary of Education Reform for Journalists, Parents, and Community Members Created by the Great Schools Partnership , the GLOSSARY OF EDUCATION REFORM is a comprehensive online resource that describes widely used school-improvement terms… Pedagogy  – Instructional methods, practices, techniques and strategies. Here you will find a dictionary of key terms, laws, and concepts in special education. Reflections on the 2008 AECT Definitions of the Field. 1:1: One laptop or device … Direct aid to public education – calendar day that averages at least five and one-half instructional hours for students in grades 1-12, excluding breaks for meals and recess, and a minimum of three instructional hours for students in kindergarten. Various forms of technology are used to provide educational materials and experiences to students. Universal design for l earning (UDL)  – A framework for the design of online learning objects and environments ensuring accessibility for all users. For over 20 years, Dictionary… Bullying does not include ordinary teasing, horseplay, argument, or peer conflict. Ratings are based on the achievement of students on tests taken during the previous academic year or on a three-year average of achievement. More about Industry Credentialing, International Baccalaureate(IB) – An internationally recognized, interdisciplinary, pre-collegiate course of study offered through the International Baccalaureate Organization, headquartered in Switzerland, with examination results accepted by more than 100 countries for university admission. Head Start – A federally funded child-development program that provides health, educational, nutritional, social and other services to pre-school children from economically disadvantaged families. Or it may refer to changing the roles of teachers and administrators, allocating more decision-making power to teachers, and involving parents in decisions. To try and help you navigate our website and our catalogues we have listed some of the most common terms … More about Early Childhood. Glossary of Education Terms Like all other professionals, educators use language and terms that are specific to the profession. (1963). Education in which instruction and content are delivered primarily over the Internet; synonymous with e-learning, cyber learning and virtual learning. Positive Behavior Instructional Supports (PBIS)  – A research-based program that uses methods and approaches to discipline that reduce office referrals while increasing teaching and learning time in the classroom. Title I targeted assistance  – Federal funding is used to meet the needs of the educationally disadvantaged students only and the poverty percentages must be at least 35 percent or above the districtwide average. Teacher resource guide for mathematics, science, English or history/social science delineating essential knowledge, skills and processes required by the Standards of Learning. Elementary school – A school with grades kindergarten through five. Bullying includes cyber bullying. See Elementary and Secondary Education Act. An A-Z of Higher education buzzwords, terms, and definitions that matter in a post-secondary education environment with Top Hat's glossary of terms. Cohort – A group of students who enter the ninth grade for the first time together with the expectation of graduating within four years. Psychiatrist  – A Functional behavioral assessment (FBA) – Culturally responsive practices – More about School Readiness, School social worker  – A person trained to provide service and action to effect changes in human behavior, emotional responses, and the social conditions of students through the application of the values, principles, methods, and procedures of the profession of social work. Coverage includes all sectors of education: pre-school, primary, secondary, further and higher education, special needs, adult and continuing education… A major portion of state funding for public education is based on the SOQ. CONTACT US More about Accreditation & Federal Reports. National Blue Ribbon Award – An award that honors public and private K-12 schools that are either academically superior in their states or that demonstrate dramatic gains in student achievement; awarded annually by the U.S. Department of Education. Digital learning – ACT – Standards of Quality (SOQ)  – The foundational educational program every public school division in Virginia must provide. So we’ve created a must-know list of education lingo for your reference. The changing role of the audiovisual process in education: A definition and a glossary of related terms. Due process hearing – A collective term for the scientific and cultural community engaged in higher education and research, taken as a whole. An educational approach which varies the learning objectives, instructional methods, content and assessment methods based on the needs of the student, with the involvement of the student in selecting content and educational objectives. Achievement gap – The difference between the performance of subgroups of students, especially those defined by gender, race/ethnicity, disability and socioeconomic status. Confined – An online program that allows students to take less than a full load of online courses. Back to top. Literary fund – Established in the Constitution of Virginia (Article VIII, § 8) as a permanent and perpetual school fund that provides low-interest loans to school divisions for capital expenditures, such as construction of new buildings or remodeling of existing buildings. Curriculum alignment – Occurs when local curricula and classroom instruction include or exceed the content, knowledge and skills described by the Standards of Learning. More about Due Process School accreditation ratings reflect student achievement on Standards of Learning tests and other approved assessments in English, history/social science, mathematics and science. Blended course – A course that combines two modes of instruction, online and face-to-face. More about Special Education. Glossary of Educational Terms Many UK and International educational terms are unfamiliar to some schools and booksellers. More about Virtual School Programs (Multidivision Online Providers) A mentor may or may not be a certified teacher but works in conjunction with the certified online teacher. Defined generally as a student missing 10 percent or more of school over the course of the school year for any reason, including excused and unexcused absences. The SNIA Technical Council is a group of technical experts elected by the memb… elaboration  The expansion of an idea or thought. We provide high quality and informative educational materials that … More about Locally Developed Assessments, Locally awarded verified credit – A Title I school-wide assistance  – Title I schools with 40 percent or greater high-poverty, student population may use federal funding to meet the needs of all students at the school. Bullying – More about Licensure. Open education resources (also known as openly licensed educational resources) – An assessment to determine the underlying cause or functions of a child’s behavior impeding the learning of the child with a disability or the learning of the child’s peers. Universal accessibility (online)  – A requirement of Section 508 of the Americans with Disabilities Act, that learning materials, including interfaces, images, sounds, multimedia elements and all other forms of information, must be made available for use by anyone, regardless of disability. Individualized learning – An educational approach wherein the teacher varies the learning objectives, instructional methods, content, and assessment methods based on the needs of individual students. The body of knowledge that all students are expected to learn in the subjects of English, mathematics, history/social science and science. 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