Ytterbium metal tarnishes slowly in air and burns readily to form ytterbium (III) oxide, Yb 2 O 3. The name Ytterbium comes from the Swedish village, Ytterby near Stockholm. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. Ytterbium as small pieces will ignite in the presence of an open flame, and ytterbium dust and powder may ignite very easily. 4Yb + 3O 2 → 2Yb 2 O 3. Ytterbium metal is a soft, malleable and ductile rare earth element that displays a bright silvery luster when in its pure form. All of these salts are white in color. However, ytterbium is stored and treated as if it were a highly toxic chemical. It has a single dominant absorption band at 985 in the infra-red making it useful in silicon photocells to directly convert radiant energy to electricity. Ytterbium metal has possible use in improving the grain refinement, strength, and other mechanical properties of stainless steel. Ytterbium can also be used as a dopant to help improve the grain refinement, strength, and other mechanical properties of stainless steel. He performed a series of fractional crystallizations of ytterbium nitrate from nitric acid solution and obt… The most common oxidation state of ytterbium is +3, but the +2 oxidation state also occurs (which is unusual for a lanthanide). Ytterbium metal main application is as additive in … The lanthanoids are found in nature in a number of minerals. It is also found in euxenite and xenotime (phosphate mineral). Ytterbium is present along with several rare minerals. The element is named after Ytterby, Sweden. https://chemistry.fandom.com/wiki/Ytterbium?oldid=8531. 86 The reactions reportedly occur by nucleophilic addition of an ytterbium diaryl ketone dianion to the electrophiles. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Ytterbium can be alloyed with stainless steel to improve its mechanical properties and used as a doping agent in ceramic capacitors and other electronic devices. Infrared lasers may use ytterbium-doped crystals to produce light of a desired frequency. Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1878, in Geneva, Switzerland.He heated erbium nitrate until it decomposed and then extracted the residue, which contained an unknown white powder that he named ytterbium oxide (ytterbia). Yb slowly oxidize in … Ytterbium is a soft, malleable, ductile, silvery element, also belonging to the lanthanide group. This silver-colored rare earth element is one of several elements discovered from ores from a quarry in Ytterby, Sweden. Seven naturally occurring isotopes of ytterbium are known ranging from mass numbers 168 to 176. Ytterbium metal increases its electrical resistance when subjected to very high stresses. Ytterbium is one the 14 rare earth metals (precious metals) Ytterbium is a silvery- white metallic rare-earth metal. In the periodic table it is in the group of lanthanides and thus also belongs to … Ytterbium is sometimes associated with yttrium or other related elements and is used in certain steels. Part of the reason is that metallic ytterbium dust presents a fire hazard, evolving toxic fumes as it burns. In its metallic form, ytterbium is a bright and shiny metal that is both ductile and malleable and is more reactive than the other lanthanide metals, quickly tarnishing in air as it reacts with oxygen. Isolation: ytterbium metal is available commercially so it is not normally necessary to make it in the laboratory, which is just as well as it is difficult to isolate as the pure metal.This is largely because of the way it is found in nature. Ytterbium has no biological role but may stimulate metabolism. Ytterbium is the most volatile rare-earth metal. Ytterbium metal changes its resisitivity as pressure or other stresses increase. Appearance: silvery, lustrous, malleable, and ductile metal, References: Los Alamos National Laboratory (2001), Crescent Chemical Company (2001), Lange's Handbook of Chemistry (1952), CRC Handbook of Chemistry & Physics (18th Ed.). Salts of ytterbium tend to hydrolyze at elevated temperatures and may emit noxious or strongly acidic vapors. It is a lustrous, bright silver with potential use in improving the strength and mechanical properties of stainless steel. The metal reacts only slowly in cold water, but vigorously in hot water, to form ytterbium hydroxide, which is basic enough to absorb carbon dioxide from the air. A ytterbium fire can only be extinguished using a class D dry chemical fire extinguisher. It reacts slowly in air or water but dissolves rapidly in mineral acids. Ytterbium burns with a characteristic green flame, notably in compositions with hexachloroethane and polytetrafluoroethylene. Additionally, it is widely used in stress gauges because of its electrical resistivity properties which rise under stress. The main deposits of ytterbium are found in China, United … Yttrium is a silvery white, moderately soft, ductile metal. These elements, Credit for discovering ytterbium is shared between Jean-Charles Gallisard de Marignac, Lars Fredrik Nilson, and Georges Urbain, who identified the, Uses of ytterbium include use as a radiation source for. Ytterbium metal is a soft, malleable and ductile rare earth element that displays a bright silvery luster when in its pure form. It is occassionally used as a dopant in stainless steel to improve workability and corrosion resistance. Ytterbium Metal can be further processed to various shapes of ingots, pieces, wires, foils, slabs, rods, discs and powder. It can process into many kind of targets or other shapes as foil, rod, cylinder, powder and ingot. Alloys of ytterbium have been used in dentistry. It is classified as a rare earth metal and a lanthanide, and behaves quite similarly to the other members of this group. Ytterbium metal is a light gray metal, technical application: Laser materials. The design of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) incorporating near-infrared emitting ytterbium cations and organic sensitizers allows for the preparation of new materials with tunable and enhanced photophysical properties. It is a soft, malleable silvery metal that will tarnish slightly when stored in air and therefore should be stored in vacuum or … Yb 70 Ytterbium Ytterbium metal forms a protective oxide layer in air, which makes it quite resistant. Ytterbium consists of seven stable isotopes. It is a metal, variously described as either silvery or slightly yellowish, that is quite reactive yet stable in air. They are estimated to be of low to moderate toxicity. Ytterbium is an element of the periodic table with an atomic number of 70, discovered by Jean de Marignac in the year 1878. Word Origin: Named for the Swedish village of Ytterby. Ytterbium metal is generally immediately available in most volumes. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. Its metal could be used to help improve the grain refinement, strength, and other mechanical properties of stainless steel. Seven naturally occurring isotopes of ytterbium are known ranging from mass numbers 168 to 176. Ytterbium metal ingot - one troy ounce - .999 bullion Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac separated ytterbia from erbia in 1878 and named it after the nearby village of Ytterby, Sweden. Most of these salts are soluble in water except for the fluoride, sulfate, and oxalate. It is common substitute to yttrium minerals. Some ytterbium alloys have been used in dentistry. Ytterbium [ʏtɛrbiʊm] is a chemical element with the element symbol Yb and the ordinal number 70. It is common in the mineral monazite. Yttrium (Y), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of Group 3 of the periodic table. Estimated Crustal Abundance: 3.2 milligrams per kilogram General. 7 natural isotopes of ytterbium occur, plus at least 27 radioactive isotopes have been observed. Ytterbium compounds have not been investigated for their toxicity, and should be treated as mildly toxic. Ytterbium has few uses. It is a white silvery, soft, ductile and rare earth metal. Ytterbium has few uses. The finely powdered metal will ignite in air. Ytterbium also displays 12 meta states, with the most stable being ytterbium-169m, with a half life of 46 seconds. Here are interesting facts about element Yb, as well as a summary of key atomic data: Discovery: Jean de Marignac 1878 (Switzerland), Element Classification: Rare Earth (Lanthanide Series). Ytterbium, named after a Swedish village, is another soft and bright silvery metal with various applications. Three other elements are also named after the Ytterby they are erbium, terbium and yttrium. Ytterbium is being applied to numerous fiber amplifier and fiber optic technologies and in various lasing applications. It exists in three allotropes: α-ytterbium, which exists in a hexagonal crystal structure is stable below -13 °C and is diamagnetic, β-ytterbium, which is stable at room temperature, paramagnetic and exists in a face-centered cubic structure, and γ-ytterbium, which exists above 795 °C and has a body centered cubic structure. Materion Advanced Chemicals Ytterbium metal; Purity: 99.9 (REO basis) (Ca <1500 ppm) , CAS 7440-64-4, Materion Item Number 123692. This filled f-shell contributes to ytterbium's extremely low magnetism compared to rare earths such as gadolinium and dysprosium. Ytterbium(III) fluoride has been used in dental fillings as a source of fluoride. Melting ytterbium (which must be done in an inert atmosphere to prevent ignition of the metal) will invariably cause some to boil off due to the narrow liquid range. Some ytterbium alloys have rarely been used in dentistry. It is not found free in nature. It has a single dominant absorption band at 985 in the infrared useful in silicon photocells to convert radiant energy to electricity. It can be stabilized in tetrahydrofuran. Chemistry is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. It oxidizes slowly in air and is reactive in water. Ytterbium is soft, malleable, and ductile. Ytterbium is mostly separated from its ores through ion exchange and solvent extraction technique otherwise it is very difficult . Ytterbium is element number 70 with an element symbol Yb. Two of these are expected to be unstable with a half-life longer than the age of the universe. Today, rare earths are common in everyday products, particularly in monitors and electronics. Ytterbium: isolation. Ytterbium is not found as a free metal in nature, but occurs with the other rare earths in minerals such as samarskite, gadolinite, and monazite. It can be alloyed with stainless steel to improve some of its mechanical properties and used as a doping agent in fiber optic cable where it can be used as an amplifier. It is one of the more common rare earths, present at about 2.7 to 8 parts per million in the crust. The most common isotope is ytterbium-174, which accounts for about 31.8 percent of the natural abundance of the element. During this time, it was rare to encounter them. It is attacked by the strong acids and reacts slowly with cold water and air. It is quite stable in air; rapid oxidation begins above approximately 450 °C (840 °F), resulting in Y2O3. Ytterbium is a reactive metal, but it does not tarnish quickly in air. Due to the filled f-shell, the metal has unusually low melting and boiling points, and is also less dense than most other lanthanides. Few other uses have been found. A robust near infrared luminescent ytterbium metal–organic framework for sensing of small molecules† Zhiyong Guo , ab Hui Xu , c Shengqun Su , a Jianfeng Cai , c Song Dang , a Shengchang Xiang , b Guodong Qian , c Hongjie Zhang ,* a Michael O’Keeffe d and Banglin Chen * b Ytterbium is a silvery metal. Water may aggravate burning ytterbium and should never be used. It is classified as a rare earth metal and a lanthanide, and behaves quite similarly to the other members of this group. sales@espimetals.com Ytterbium is a chemical element with symbol Yb and atomic variety 70. it's far the fourteenth and penultimate detail in the lanthanide collection, which is the idea of the relative stability of its +2 oxidation state. One isotope is reported to have been used as a radiation source substitute for a portable X-ray machine where electricity is unavailable. One of ytterbium's isotopes is being considered as a radiation source for portable X-ray machines. Call 414-289-9800 to order. Ytterbium is a bright, shiny silver metal that is ductile and malleable. Ytterbium is the 44th most abundant element in the Earth's crust. Ytterbium abundance in earth crust is about 3 mg/kg. Under reducing conditions, a ytterbium(II) species is known to exist. Its exact color, however, is disputed: some sources describe it as grayish, others as slightly brassy. It is more reactive than the other lanthanide elements, so it is generally stored in sealed containers to keep it from reacting with oxygen and water in air. It reacts slowly with water and is soluble in dilute acids. Specific isotopes are used as gamma ray sources. Like other rare earth elements, ytterbium isn't really all that rare, but it did take scientists a long time to figure out how to separate the rare earth elements from one another. Scientists believe some ytterbium compounds are teratogenic. Ytterbium is an element with the symbol Yb and the atomic number 70. Ytterbium is a bright, shiny silver metal that is ductile and malleable. Ytterbium is used as a dopant for stainless steel to improve workability and corrosion resistance. Metals ions are used to generate laser radiation in the near-infrared range, with a wavelength of 1.06–1.07 µm, and in the form of ytterbium oxide is used to produce high-power fiber lasers. 736 ytterbium metal products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which rare earth & products accounts for 31%. Ytterbium is doped to stainless steel to enhance its mechanical properties. Purity of our Ytterbium metal (Yb Metal) Yb/TREM: 3N,4N Products of our Ytterbium metal (Yb Metal) Ytterbium metal powder Ytterbium metal lump Ytterbium […] Ytterbium metal is silvery rare earth metals, which is soft and ductile. This ion will reduce water to hydrogen gas and is therefore unstable in aqueous solution. (1), (2)In 1907, in Paris, George Urbain separated ytterbia into two constituents. It does, however, burn in air to form ytterbium(III) oxide. Ytterbium has a few specialty applications. Ytterbium reacts vigorously with dilute acids to form salts. Ytterbium clocks are the most stable known, losing only a second per 10 billion years. Ytterbium oxidizes slowly in air and is reactive in water. The silvery white metal ytterbium is quite electropositive and reacts slowly with cold water and quite quickly with hot water to form ytterbium hydroxide, Yb(OH) 3, and hydrogen gas (H 2). A wide variety of ytterbium metal options are available to you, such as rare earth metal, rare earth powder, and rare earth alloy. It is a metal, variously described as either silvery or slightly yellowish, that is quite reactive yet stable in air. Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. ESPI Metals 1050 Benson Way Ashland, Oregon 97520. Ytterbium metal occurs along with other rare earths in many rare minerals. In its metallic form, ytterbium is a bright and shiny metal that is both ductile and malleable and is more reactive than the other lanthanide metals, quickly tarnishing in air as it reacts with oxygen. Ytterbium and its compounds are not normally found in the human body. Ytterbium is applied to fiber amplifier and fiber optic technologies and in lasing applications. Reaction of ytterbium with water. Ytterbium Metal: 99.99%: 1 kg 5 kg 10 kg: Ask for a Quotation: ME70P-3N: Ytterbium Metal Powder-40, -100, -325 mesh or other sizes: 99.9%: 1 kg 10 kg 50 kg: Ask for a Quotation: ME70ST-3N: Ytterbium Metal Sputtering Target Disks, Plates, and other shapes. Class D fire extingushers should be at hand. Ytterbium(II) compounds can be formed by reacting metallic ytterbium with ytterbium(III) compounds, but they disproportionate to ytterbium metal and ytterbium(III) compounds at elevated temperatures. Ytterbium metal is not particularly rare for a lanthanoid, but difficult to separate from the others, so it is not used much. Ytterbium-169 is a radiation source for portable X-ray machines and it is also used in nuclear medicine. The most stable radioisotope is ytterbium-169, which has a half-life of 32.0 days. Ytterbium metal has been found to promote cross-coupling reactions between diaryl ketones and a variety of C X π-bond electrophiles. The most common oxidation state of ytterbium is +3, but the +2 oxidation state also … Ytterbium is being investigated as a replacement for magnesium in decoy flares for military aircraft due to the high emission of the metal and its oxide in the infrared range. Ytterbium was one of the elements isolated from the mineral yttria. Another risk from ytterbium is that it causes skin and eye irritation. Ytterbium also reacts with the halogens to form trihalides. 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