In this in vitro study, researchers looked at the effect of Dunaliella salina extracts on skin cancer cells. 2005. Common menu bar links. 2005. Dunaliella tertiolecta. Fish & Shellfish Immunology. 18 Chidambara Murthy, K.N., et al. CCAP 19/12. Common Names. Amar, E.C., et al. List of various diseases cured by Dunaliella Salina. 1989. Life. 5 Farahat N., et al. The best‐known species of Dunaliella are Dunaliella salina, Dunaliella tertiolecta, Dunaliella primolecta, Dunaliella viridis, Dunaliella bioculata, Dunaliella acidophyla, Dunaliella parva and Dunaliella media. Researchers looked at the effects of Dunaliella on the formation of breast tumors in mice. While Spirulina demonstrated protective effects, Dunaliella across the board showed the most protection against liver damage. Murthy, K.N. Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. 2010. Copyright notice: the information originating from AlgaeBase may not be downloaded or replicated by any means, without the written permission of the copyright owner (generally AlgaeBase). Dunaliella salina je jednobuněčná zelená řasa z třídy zelenivek, vyskytující se ve velkém množství v extrémně slaných vodách (je tedy halofilní).Byla pojmenována po francouzském vědci Michel Felix Dunalovi, který ji roku 1838 objevil nedaleko Montpellier.Obsahuje vysoké množství betakarotenu.. Má dva bičíky, je schopná pohlavního rozmnožování. Researchers have demonstrated that it can reduce the vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation associated with restenosis (narrowing of the arteries).20 This is supported indirectly by another study showing that high blood levels of carotenoids (such as those found in Dunaliella) can protect against the development of atherosclerosis.21 Another way Dunaliella may help prevent atherosclerosis is through its ability to reduce the oxidative stress associated with high cholesterol. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Dunaliella Salina. 2012. Tsai, C.F., et al. Bishop, W.M., and Zubeck, H.M.  Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Researchers cultivated Dunaliella salina under stress conditions in order to stimulate greater beta carotene formation. Furthermore, while the data showed promise for high dietary beta carotene intake and lower risk of esophageal cancer, more study is needed. Life. Researchers discovered that high doses of Dunaliella extract inhibited the cancer by approximately 55%. In this mouse study, mice were given regular doses of either Dunaliella salina or silymarin for eight weeks. 76 (12), 1381-1390. Endocrine markers did not appear to be affected by the Dunaliella; thus researchers conclude the mechanism of action is not through the endocrine system, but some other pathway. British Journal of Nutrition. dunaliella salina … There are no common names associated with this taxon. Rats were divided into four groups: those treated with 125 microg/kg body weight of powdered Dunaliella salina, those treated with 250 microg/kg body weight of powdered Dunaliella salina, those treated with 250 microg/kg body weight of synthetic beta carotene, and those treated with a toxin. Dunaliella tertiolecta. Microbiological Research. In this study involving 840 men, researchers looked at the effects of blood levels of carotenoids on the development of atherosclerosis. The trout were divided into three groups: those given a control diet, those given a diet containing 100 mg/kg beta carotene from Dunaliella salina, or those given a diet containing 200 mg/kg astaxanthin from red yeast Phaffia rhodozyma. 7 , accessed June 10, 2013. ... Dunaliella salina. British Journal of Nutrition. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064107. ›Dunaliella sp. Few organisms can survive like D. salina does in such highly saline conditions as salt evaporation ponds. 22 (3), 369-378. In this rat study, researchers looked at Dunaliella salina’s effect on high cholesterol and deiodinase, an enzyme involved in thyroid hormone production. While the study did not look at Dunaliella, it is worth noting that Dunaliella is rich in natural carotenoids. A control group was given no beta carotene. Hepatology Research. The enhanced Dunaliella was fed to rats for two weeks, and then toxins were given to them to induce liver damage. 76 (12), 1381-1390. Known for its antioxidant activity because of its ability to create large amount of carotenoids, it is used in cosmetics and dietary supplements. After the radiation, one group of the mice was given Dunaliella salina for eight days. Dunaliella Salina is a genus of the algae family Dunaliellaceae. Français. Evaluation of microalgae for use as nutraceuticals and nutritional supplements. Brand Name: DunaliellaGold Dosage Form: Powder,Capsules Certified Organic: 100% whole dried Dunaliella Salina Specifications 100% certified organic Australian grown whole dried Dunaliella salina. Tomas, C.R. are motile, unicellular, rod to ovoid shaped green algae, which are common in marine (salient) waters. 27 (6), 350-353. After 24 hours, cell proliferation decreased by 25%. In Vivo. The distinct classifications came from D. salina being notably bigger in size and being red in colour due to large amounts of carotenoid pigments. Molecular Vision. 47 (5), 1072-1077. 2010. In this study two types of algae, Spirulina plantensis and Dunaliella salina, were examined for the effects of their carotenoids on liver function. Rats were divided into five groups: those fed Spirulina, those fed Dunaliella, those given no algae but in whom hepatic damage was induced, those fed synthetic beta carotene, and a control group. 2009. Cellular Organisms. 12 Raja, R., et al. Beta-Carotene-Rich Extract from Dunaliella salina CTA 2017 – Page 1 of 11 ©FAO 2017 . Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2005. 2012. After 30 days, various blood markers (including NK, IL-2, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and more) showed the effectiveness of the treatment; tumor growth was also slowed or stopped. Only the Dunaliella group showed increased activity of lysozymes (enzymes that destroy cell walls of bacteria). A hundred years of Dunaliella research: 1905–2005. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 2005. They achieved similar, but not quite as great, results with beta carotene. 2012. They lack a rigid polysaccharide cell wall, having instead a thin elastic plasma membrane. Researchers conclude that the mixed carotenoids in Dunaliella have a greater effect than either natural beta carotene by itself or synthetic beta carotene. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Researchers conclude that Dunaliella salina likely protects corneal damage from UVB radiation by decreasing oxidation and increasing antioxidant activity. dunaliella salina common name. The main interest in this genus in recent years has been in the halophilic species Dunaliella salina since it is the source of β-carotene (in some papers this species is also referred to as D. bardawil, however, this is an incorrect name for D. salina, furthermore, several other cultures referred to in the literature have been incorrectly identified and Table 1 gives the correct name for these). dunaliella salina culture. Dunaliella produces β-carotene in high amounts, up to 12% of dry matter. (1997). Microbiological Research. dunaliella salina powder price. They then exposed skin cancer cells to varying concentrations of each extract at several different time intervals. Anticancer Research. Pronunciation of dunaliella salina with 1 audio pronunciation and more for dunaliella salina. Chidambara Murthy, K.N., Life Sciences. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2020-11-17. It also supports immune response, promotes intracellular communication, and protects against abnormal cell growth. 33 (4), 313-319. 9 (1), 71-75. Known for its antioxidant activity because of its ability to create large amount of carotenoids, it is used in cosmetics and dietary supplements. The higher the salinity, the greater the beta carotene concentration.5 This organism’s saline requirements also make it easier to grow, because it has few natural competitors in the high-salt environment. Dunaliella Salina Common Name the aft deck offers another great are for relaxing, dining or entertaining dunaliella salina lake my cock didn't get soft again for hours so i was afraid - i thought i was no longer a virgin and that's how Other common names. & Guiry, G.M. Researchers conclude that Duniella may be of therapeutic or preventive benefit in cases of restenosis. ... Common names Synonyms Predators Reproduction Maturity Spawning Fecundity Eggs Egg development. 21 Karppi, J., et al. 17 Hsu, Y.W., et al. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. What is The History of Dunaliella Salina? Rats who were given higher amounts of Dunaliella received greater liver protection than rats who received less or no Dunaliella. Bansal, M.P. 1993. dunaliella salina size. rod to ovoid shaped (9−11 µm) green algae (Chlorophyceae), which are common in marine waters. (Ed.). 2011. 27 (6), 350-353. There is no association with beta carotene and reduced risk of breast or prostate cancers. Protective effect of Dunaliella salina–A marine micro alga, against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. dunaliella salina genome. Thyroid hormone levels were also affected. Narrowing of the arteries (restenosis) is believed to be caused by too much proliferation of special cells called vascular smooth muscle cells. One sample of the algae was cultured under normal conditions; another was cultured under stress conditions (e.g., high salinity, light conditions, etc.). 2005. Dunaliella is a unicellular, bi-flagellate so motile. Dunaliella salina (Chlorophyta) and similar hypersaline strains have biflagellated, pear-shaped cells. The mice receiving the supplements had significantly fewer breast tumors than the control group. Experimental study on extract of Dunaliella salina in preventing NSAR-induced cancer of proventriculus in mice. Manipulation of salinity and light conditions, and restriction of nutrients, can stimulate formation of more beta carotene.6. Two types of beta carotene were identified in the freeze-dried Dunaliella and together may be responsible for the observed effects. Researchers looked at the effects of Dunaliella salina extract on squamous cancer cells in mice. 15 Sheu, M.J., et al. Cellular Organisms. Rats were given either low, medium, or high doses of beta carotene. 62, 1393S-1402S. Within 10 years, commercial research projects were begun in Australia. Today Australia is one of the world’s leading producers of beta carotene from Dunalliella salina,7 the most common species of this algae. How Dunaliella Salina is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. 2012. This review looked at epidemiological studies involving the relationship between dietary beta carotene intake and various forms of cancer. In rat models, beta carotene shows promise for boosting immune function and hampering tumor growth. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064107. 16 (4), 527-537. There is a moderately reduced risk of colon cancer. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Guiry). Archaeplastida. After inducing high cholesterol and triglycerides in rats, oxidative stress – and antioxidant levels – increased as a result. 8 (4), 523-528. Beta carotene, other carotenoids (including alpha carotene, lutein, and lycopene), glycerol, protein.1, Dunaliella salina is a genus of one-celled green microalgae first discovered in 1838 in southern France.2 It is often referred to as a halophile (literally, “salt-loving”) alga because it grows only in high-salt marine environments. 20 Sheu, M.J., et al. 84th JECFA - Chemical and Technical Assessment (CTA), ... primarily a mixture of fatty acids common to vegetable oils used in foods.. ... Dunaliella salina. (The cancer was inhibited by about 55%).10 Rainbow trout given Dunaliella in their diet show enhanced immune function, with increased phagocytosis and increased lysozyme activity.11, Dunaliella has also attracted the interest of cancer researchers. 13 Xue, LX. ›Dunaliella bardawii Ben-Amotz & Avron. Cancer was induced in the proventriculus (a portion of the upper digestive tract) in mice. Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae especially found in sea salt fields. When the liver tissue was examined, the findings showed that the beta carotene lessened the tissue damage from the cancer. Conditions are easily controlled for commercial production. Researchers concluded several things from their review. 2:147. ISBN 0-12-693018-X. Other beneficial carotenoids present in Dunaliella include alpha carotene, lutein, and lycopene. Dunaliella & Haematococcus 1. In this study, researchers concluded that the mixed carotenoids present in the algae conferred a greater benefit than both natural beta carotene alone or synthetic beta carotene.19, Dunaliella also shows potential benefits for arterial health. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. In Vivo. Dunaliella. Preferred Name (NZOR Concept Id df9cfa46-4ecc-4fe1-b25e-33762875219c) Classification superkingdom Eukaryota kingdom Plantae subkingdom Viridiplantae infrakingdom Chlorophyta phylum Chlorophyta class Chlorophyceae order Volvocales family Polyblepharidaceae genus Dunaliella species Dunaliella salina (Dunal) Teodoresco Providers NZIB 2012. 11 Amar, E.C., et al. 2005 July 4. 11 (2), 283-293. A recent review has assessed current issues of the taxonomy of Dunaliella (Borowitzka and Siva 2007). (While the beta carotene in Dunaliella was not specifically considered, it is a rich dietary source of beta carotene.) Amazon, for example, sells this Algotene Dunaliella Salina Red Marine Phytoplankton supplement from ICL Health – the same company that created that farming operation in Western Australia that we talked about above. Accessed at [15-01-2013]. High-salt environments such as salt evaporation ponds and salt lakes. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2013. Dunaliella, one of the varieties examined, is rich in carotenoids, primarily beta carotene, which has been demonstrated to scavenge free radicals and neutralize reactive oxygen species. Xue, LX. Few organisms can survive like D. salina does in such high Most significantly, the tumor tissue exhibited signs of regression. Comparative evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of carotenoids of microalgae. Life Sciences. Ethanol extract of Dunaliella salina induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in A549 human non-small cell lung cancer cells. In corneal tissue of mice given Dunaliella, one particular oxidant showed decreased activity, while specific antioxidants showed increased. An extract of this microalgae exposed to human lung cancer cells decreased cancer cell proliferation by 48% by inducing cell death in the first stage of cell division.15 Extracts of Dunaliella are also effective against skin cancer cells in vitro, inducing cell death.16, Another area of Dunaliella research is in liver health, where this alga shows great potential. When Dunaliella was administered, antioxidant levels returned to normal.22 (The same study found that Dunaliella may also help protect against hypothyroidism. 22 (3), 369-378. Protective effect of Dunaliella salina (Volvocales, Chlorophyta) against experimentally induced fibrosarcoma on wistar rats. Eukaryota. naked green alga (Chlorophyta, Chlorophyceae). Researchers have established that beta carotenes from natural sources such as algae and plant foods are more effective and confer greater health benefits than synthetic beta carotene.23. Names of Dunaliella Salina in various languages of the world are also given. ›Dunaliella bardawii. 2012. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 1 Bishop, W.M., and Zubeck, H.M. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. XV, 858 pp. Dunaliella is also shown to protect the liver. 14 Nagasawa, H., et al. Life. Enhancement of innate immunity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) associated with dietary intake of carotenoids from natural products. van Poppel, G., and Goldbohm, R.A. It was found in various locations in Europe and Algiers.3 In the early 1900s, even without the advanced technology of today, scientists recognized that Dunaliella contained beta carotene and thus had potential commercial value as a food or nutritional supplement. Dunaliella powder is used by the aquaculture industry as a food coloring to give shrimp and farmed salmon an attractive pink hue. Molecules. From regional or thematic species database, (, Guiry, M.D. 1993. 9 Tsai, C.F., et al. Eukaryota. Curated hierarchies for Dunaliella maritima. In vivo antioxidant activity of carotenoids from Dunaliella salina–a green microalga. The natural carotenoids from Dunaliella were significantly more effective at inducing antioxidant activity than synthetic carotene. Dunaliella Salina Extract Powder , Find Complete Details about Dunaliella Salina Extract Powder,Dunaliella Salina Extract,Dunaliella Salina Powder,Dunaliella Salina from Other Extracts Supplier or Manufacturer-Shaanxi Guanjie Technology Co., Ltd. Molecular Vision. In this review article, the authors looked at a variety of microalgae for their nutritional and therapeutic potential. Microalgae D. salina, D. salina. Chidambara Murthy, K.N., et al. ), One of the most significant findings in this field of research bodes could well create increasing demand for Dunaliella. 2007. 6 Oren, A. First, a diet rich in beta carotene from plant foods and/or high blood levels of beta carotene are associated with a lower risk of lung and stomach cancers. The most valuable use of Dunaliella’s beta carotene is perhaps in nutritional supplements. Dunaliella salina nutritional supplements aren’t common today – but they can be found online and in certain health food stores. 8 Chidambara Murthy, K.N. Mo, E., et al. In control mice, liver damage was identified by the increase of ALT, AST, and ALP detected in the blood, along with a decrease in antioxidant activity in the liver. Sheu, M.J., et al. Adjusting for BMI, blood pressure, smoking and exercise habits, and other factors, artery wall thickness was inversely associated with carotenoid blood levels. PLoS One. Dunaliella viridis. Dunaliella salina is a genus of one-celled green microalgae first discovered in 1838 in southern France. (USA). 2005 July 4. How to say dunaliella salina in Hindi? (2013). 2005. Dunaliella salina (Dunal) Teodoresco saltpool whip-alga Upload your photos Google image | No photo available for this species. One of this alga’s most valuable characteristics is its antioxidant effect. Raw material and capsules for private labeling available. 22 Bansal, M.P. Dunaliella produces β-carotene in high amounts, up to 12% of dry matter. Researchers conclude that Dunaliella helps protect the liver by increasing antioxidant activity and decreasing lipid peroxidation. ›Dunaliella bardawil. 9 (1), 71-75. The beta carotene from Dunaliella is used as a natural food coloring agent in processed foods and cosmetics. In this rat study, researchers looked at the effects of Dunaliella salina on oxidative stress. They demonstrated that Dunaliella reduced cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, with apoptosis possibly being one of the mechanisms involved. In addition, Dunaliella-fed mice had fewer liver lesions. Journal of Medical Food. 2004. Life Sciences. The natural beta carotene in Dunaliella has been shown to be superior to synthetic forms; for instance, certain antioxidant enzymes in Dunaliella beta carotene are more effective. 18, 1540-1547. Age/Size Growth Length-weight Length-length … Typical liver function tests were conducted, including SGOT, SGPT, ALP, and others. Experimental study on extract of Dunaliella salina in preventing NSAR-induced cancer of proventriculus in mice. Dunaliella & Haematococcus Karthick.s(Daleson) CAS in botany University of Madras 2. Dyntaxa. Mice were exposed to UVB radiation resulting in corneal ulcers, cell exfoliation, and corneal surface roughness. Both Dunaliella extract and beta carotene also increased spleen cell proliferation and creation of tumor necrosis factor (which helps regulate the immune system). 23 Chidambara Murthy, K.N. In the control mice (not given Dunaliella) the opposite was observed. Curated hierarchies for Dunaliella primolecta. This … 16 Mo, E., et al. Researchers induced fibrosarcoma (a malignant tumor of the connective tissue) in rats and then gave them freeze-dried Dunaliella salina. 104 (3), 326-335. Dunaliella salina is a unicellular green alga found in environments with high salt concentration .It produces a distinct pink and red colour often characteristic of saltern ponds .Michel Felix Dunal first discovered "D. salina" in 1838 in the south of France occupying; however, it was not named until 1905 by Teodoresco . Astaxanthin and Dunaliella Salina - Two products you simply must know about Once in a while a new supplement hits the market that really makes me sit up and take notice. When rats were given Dunaliella salina, antioxidant levels and thyroid hormone levels were normalized. The Dunaliella lowered markers such as catalase, superoxide dismutase, AST, and ALT. In two separate experiments, researchers demonstrated that Dunaliella salina protects against liver toxicity in rodents. Researchers conclude that cell immunity was increased with treatment of both substances. Get your Dunaliella Salina Powder here: Anticancer effect of Dunaliella salina under stress and normal conditions against skin carcinoma cell line A431 in vitro. In a study of rats with cancer, Dunaliella extract stimulated two immune defense processes: spleen cell proliferation and tumor necrosis factor. In this study, researchers examined the effects of beta carotene in rats with liver cancer. When rats with fibrosarcoma were given freeze-dried Dunaliella salina, their tumors showed signs of regression.12 Mice with cancer in the upper digestive tract were given high doses of Dunaliella extract; their cancer was inhibited by 55%.13 Mice with breast tumors also benefited from Dunaliella treatment; they had significantly fewer tumors than mice who were not given Dunaliella.14 In vitro studies also show promise for Dunaliella as a potential cancer treatment. 19 Murthy, K.N. 17, 8595-8603. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] dunaliella salina pronounce. 1 (3), 196-204. In this in vitro study, researchers treated human lung cancer cells with Dunaliella salina extract. I first heard about astaxanthin some years ago and immediately purchased some from overseas and I have taken it every day since. Archaeplastida. 10 Xue, LX. Both carotenoid groups showed increased immune response detected in body fluids and increased phagocytosis (the process of immune cells engulfing and breaking down foreign invaders). In this experiment, researchers looked at the effects of Dunaliella salina on this phenomenon. The extract worked by inducing apoptosis (cell death) in the first phase of cell division. Journal of Phycology. 2008. All cancer cell samples exposed to Dunaliella experienced cell death to varying degrees. PLoS One. Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae especially found in sea salt fields. 2:147. Identifying marine phytoplankton. Home Contact us Help Search ... Name - Dunaliella Salina Extract. Sonograms were performed to assess the thickness of carotid artery walls; serum blood levels of carotenoids were tested at the same time. Researchers conclude that because Dunaliella contains more than one isomeric form of beta carotene, it offers greater protection than synthetic beta carotene, which contains only one. 8 (4), 523-528. 2008. The first commercial enterprise to cultivate Dunaliella for its beta carotene was founded in 1966 in the Soviet Union. Dunaliella Salina is a photosynthetic cell requiring sunlight to live; it is highly tolerant of UV radiation due to the photo-protective characteristics of the carotenes it contains. By: Bethany Kolody Dunaliella salina is a microalga in the green algae family. In the first, Dunaliella was shown to protect the liver by increasing antioxidant activity and decreasing lipid peroxidation.17 In the second, it was shown that the more Dunaliella given to rats, the greater the protective effect.18  Yet another rodent study showed that Dunaliella salina protected against liver damage. A variety of antioxidant markers were tested across all groups. Common name i. D. Salina is a unicellular biflagellate red-coloured alga which synthesises massive amounts of carotenoid pigments, colouring the cells a very bright red.

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